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Periodontal disease


It is estimated that up to 20% of the Australian population suffer from a form of gum disease. Periodontitis is caused by enviromental (bacteria) and host related factors. 

Numerous epidemiological studies have concluded that smoking is also a significant risk factor. Current smokers are 2.5 to 6 times more likely to have peridontitis than non smokers. Former smokers are almost twice as likely to have peridontitis than people who have never smoked. In terms of severity of peridontal disease, a number of studies have confirmed that smokers are three times more likely to suffer from severe periodontitis compared to non-smokers. There is also eveidence that smokers experience greater tooth loss than non-smokers. Among current smokers the more cigarettes smoked the greater the chances of developing periodontitis. Smoking causes irreversible damage to the periodontium, however the progress of the disease can be stopped and further damage prevented by cessation of smoking. References: Beck JD,Slade GD. Epidemiology of peridontal disease. Johnson NW Bain CA,Tobacco and oral disease. Johnson GK, Slach NA Impact of tobacco use on peridontal status. Tonetti MS Cigarette smoking and peridontal disease.

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